Facial Broken Veins
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Also known as thread veins, spider veins or broken capillaries are small clusters of blue or red veins that sometimes appear on your face or legs. They can develop anywhere on the body, but they’re more common on the around the nose and the cheeks. They are harmless but often people do not like the appearance of them.
Cherry Angiomas or red moles, are common skin growths that can develop on most areas of your body. They’re also known as senile angiomas or Campbell de Morgan spots. They’re usually found on people aged 30 and older. The collection of small blood vessels inside a cherry angioma give them a red appearance
Reticular veins are noticeable veins that appear below your skin, but don’t usually protrude from your skin. Some of the most common characteristics of reticular veins include: Colour. Reticular veins are usually blue or purple in their appearance. Reticular veins are most commonly found on the legs.
What are the symptoms?
Some people tend to develop spider veins more than others. The fact is that broken blood vessels can happen to anyone at any age, including children. There are many causes of broken blood vessels on the face. They include:
• Heredity and genetics. For unknown reasons, spider veins tend to run in families. Individual risk factors also increase with age.
• Pregnancy. An increase in estrogen hormones during pregnancy can lead to broken blood vessels. Pregnancy-related spider veins heal on their own after delivery.
• Rosacea. This common skin condition leads to excessive redness and flushing. With erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, broken blood vessels are common.
• Sun exposure. Excessive sun exposure can enlarge your blood vessels. If you get a sunburn, the top layer of skin may peel and temporarily make some of the blood vessels in your face more noticeable.
• Weather changes. Hot weather increases blood vessel dilation.
• Environmental or chemical irritants.
• Alcohol consumption. Moderate or occasional alcohol consumption can cause your skin to flush due to the enlargement of blood vessels. Binge drinking and heavy alcohol use can eventually lead to spider veins.
• Injuries. Minor to significant injuries can lead to bruising. With bruises on your face, broken blood vessels may also be noticeable.
• Vomiting or sneezing. Sudden, extreme pressure in your face from a violent sneeze or a vomiting spell can break the blood vessels in the skin.
Our treatments improve pore size by addressing the causes such as eliminating dead skin cells, debris and bacteria, regulating oil production and repairing the skin’s barrier function.
Vydence Etherea-MX IPL
IPL stands for Intense Pulsed Light. IPL is a safe and effective treatment for conditions such as rosacea, broken capillaries and thread veins. The IPL treatment is a type of light therapy that utilises a range of wavelengths to target the pigments in blood vessels. The energy provided by these wavelengths is taken up by the darker pigments in blood vessels. The IPL treatment head delivers a specific range of wavelengths to the treatment area. The energy carried by the wavelengths of light penetrates just below the skin’s surface and gets absorbed by the pigments in blood vessels and haemoglobin (protein in blood). The heat energy generated by the treatment head causes the vessel walls to heat up and break down. By destroying the vessel walls the filling ability of the blood vessel is reduced and so is its appearance. After a series of treatments the entire blood vessel is broken down and is absorbed into the blood stream. The result being a visible reduction in redness as well as the appearance of thread veins.
3-6, spaced 4 weeks apart.
Depending on the type and severity of the vascular lesion, different methods will be adopted. More prominent veins may be treated with a long-pulsed laser and infrared to trigger photothermolysis – a process which heats the targeted area without damaging the surrounding tissue.
The alternative process uses an advanced evolution of the intense pulsed light technology. Uniform energy is used to treat the vascular lesion.
Depending on the size of the vascular area, the treatment can take from 10-60 minutes.
Possible bruising and temporary darkening of the lesion.
CryoPen™ is an innovation in Cryotherapy allowing benign skin lesions such as cherry angiomas and skin tags to be treated quickly and painlessly. It is an ideal solution for removal of skin lesions and imperfections. It is a pen-like instrument which delivers a fine pinpoint spray of liquid nitrous oxide at a constant temperature of minus-127 degrees under high pressure which allows the practitioner to work with millimetre precision.
1-2 spaced 2-3 weeks apart.
The applicator is held close to the skin lesion and moved quickly towards and away from it for a period for 1-30 seconds. The time spent will depend on the size and the depth of the skin complaint. Once the first freeze cycle is complete the tissue is left to thaw for roughly 30 seconds, at which point the second freeze cycle can commence. This freezing process destroys the benign skin lesions. The liquefied nitrous oxide destroys the tissue by freezing the inter-cellular fluid which forms ice shards and crystals. These then rupture the cell membrane, destroying the cell. The CryoPen® is superior than traditional spray-can type cryotherapy for skin lesions as it delivers a nitrous oxide jet that is far colder and at a higher pressure than that in traditional cryo spray cans. This leads to an extremely fast and effective treatment.
This treatment can eradicate 2mm skin lesions in just 10 seconds and is able to penetrate up to 5mm deep. Because the CryoPen® has a fine pinpoint the therapist can work with millimetre precision, meaning that surrounding tissue does not get affected. Different applicator tips can be used depending on the size of the lesion being treated. This enables lesions on the face and around the eyes to be treated too with minimal discomfort.
Treatments usually taking just 5 to 25 seconds per lesion.
The cryolesion usually develops a blister during the first 24 hours which lasts 2 to 5 days. After it scabs over the lesion, healing depends on how deep the wound is. Typically, healing occurs from 2 to 6 weeks, depending on length of freeze and location.
Sclerotherapy is a medical procedure used to treat varicose veins and “spider veins.” During sclerotherapy, the practitioner injects a solution directly into the affected vein. The solution irritates the lining of the vessel, causing it to swell and stick together. Over time, the vessel turns into scar tissue that fades from view. Sclerotherapy is a well-proven procedure and has been used since the 1930s.
Sclerotherapy works well for most patients. It is estimated that between 50 and 80% of injected veins may be eliminated with each session. A few people (less than 10%) who have sclerotherapy do not respond to the injections at all. In these instances, different solutions or a different method, such as laser therapy, may be tried.
In general, spider veins respond to treatment in 3 to 6 weeks, and larger veins respond in 3 to 4 months. If the veins respond to the treatment, usually they will not reappear. However, new veins may appear over time. If needed, you may return for injections.
Before the procedure, you will meet with one of our doctors or nurse specialist who will evaluate your eligibility for sclerotherapy.
You are not eligible for sclerotherapy if you are pregnant, breastfeeding, or are bedridden. You must wait at least 3 months after delivery before you can be considered for this procedure.
You can have sclerotherapy if you take birth control pills. If you have had a blood clot in the past, your eligibility for sclerotherapy will depend on what caused the clot, and how serious it was.
Sclerotherapy is performed at our Harley Street Clinic. The treatment area is cleansed. The solution is injected directly into the blood vessel, using very fine needles. The number of veins injected in one session depends on the size and location of the veins, and the patient’s overall medical condition.
After sclerotherapy you will be able to drive yourself home and resume your regular daily activities. Walking is encouraged.You will be instructed to wear support hosiery to “compress” the treated vessels. Following the injections, avoid aspirin, ibuprofen, or other anti-inflammatory drugs for at least 48 hours. Tylenol may be used if needed.
Also, you should avoid the following for 48 hours after treatment:
- Hot baths
- Hot compresses
- Whirlpools or saunas
- Direct exposure to sunlight
Showers are permitted, but the water should be cooler than usual. The injection sites may be washed with a mild soap and tepid water.